sabato 7 ottobre 2017

Convertire una mail in PDF

Vi è mai capitato di dover convertire una mail in PDF? A me sì, e devo dire che c'è un modo semplicissimo per farlo.
Basta inoltrare il messaggio di posta elettronica originale all’indirizzo Fatto ciò, riceveremo dopo pochi istanti una e-mail con in allegato il PDF desiderato. Il servizio è ha il pregio di funzionare bene sia con un messaggio e-mail di testo normale, sia con e-mail contenenti HTML.
Se ci sono eventuali allegati Word, Excel o PowerPoint all’interno della e-mail che volete convertire in PDF, allora inoltrate il vostro messaggio a e riceverete dopo pochi istanti una e-mail con i documenti convertiti.
Inoltre si può convertire convertire una pagina web in PDF. Basterà scrivere una e-mail con all’interno solo l’URL della pagina da convertire e inviare una e-mail a

Se infine gradite ulteriori informazioni sull'argomento, potete leggervi la  pagina da cui questo post prende spunto:

mercoledì 27 settembre 2017

Mixed conditional

Tuesday, 27th of March 2017
Lingua e traduzione inglese I
(Monolingua inglese I)

Mixed conditional is a combination of 2nd and 3rd (present or past) conditional.

Past Condition of Present Result

The pattern made up of an if-clause with 3rd condination and a main clause with 2nd conditional is used for something that happened in the past but has a consequence in our present:
If Bell hadn't invented the telephone, I wouldn't own a mobilphone today.
I wouldn't be able to keep in touch with a lot of old friends, if Zuckemberg hadn't invented Facebook.

Present Condition of Past Result

The pattern made up of an if-clause with 2nd condinational and a main clause with 3rd condinational is used for a permanent state or characteristic which affected something that happened in the past:
If I weren't afraid of heights, I would have gone bungee jumping last year.
In other words:
I'm afraid of heights. Consequently, I didn't go bungee jumping.
Other examples:
My sister would have had some study experience abroad, if she were braver.
If I were good at maths, I would have chosen.

Synonyms of if 

In conclusion, we will show you some alternatives for if:
  • unless 
  • whether is used according whit the type 0 conditional
  • tough (that means even if)
  • provided that (or: on condition that, as far as)

English B2: Appendix 2

Phrasal Verbs for B2

What follows is a list of highly frequently used phrasal verbs in B2 context. We recommend memorising them in order to a better chance of passing the exam.

to be fed up with
to be bored/frustrated with [sth/smb]:
I’m so fed up with this weather – it hasn’t stopped raining for days!
to be in
to be at home/in the building:
‘Hello, can I speak to Mark please?’
I’m sorry, he’s not in right now, can I take a message?’
to be over
to be finished:
The lesson’s over, you can go now.
to be up
to be out of bed:
I’m going to make some eggs for breakfast, is Chris up yet?
to explode:
They blew the bridges up so the enemy couldn’t cross the river.
to cease to work properly:
My car broke down and I had to call to a taxi to get home.
to break into [sth]
to enter by force:
The burglar broke into the house through the window and stole all the jewellery.
to begin:
All the men were drunk and after their team lost the match a fight broke out in the pub.
to break up (with)
to terminate (often a relationship):
Did you hear that Lionel and Julie broke up?
1) to educate:
She brought her children up as Catholics but they converted to Judaism later in life.
2) to mention:
At the meeting the president brought up the question of the increasing company debt.
to cancel:
The tennis match was called off due to the heavy rain.
to care about
to be interested in [sth]:
I don’t care about money, I just want a job that I enjoy.
to carry on doing [sth]
(OR: to go on;
OR: to keep on)
to continue:
In spite of the heavy rain, we just carried on walking.
to perform duties:
The Sergeant gives the orders and the soldiers carry them out.
to shut permanently (a shop or business):
I used to go the cinema every week but the movie theatre near my house closed down last year so now I hardly ever go to the movies.
to find by accident:
When I was looking for my passport, I came across these old photos.
to arrive at/think of an idea:
We didn’t know how to raise the money, then Mike came up with the idea of creating a web site to collect funds.
to cut down (on):
to lessen the use of:
I really have to cut down on coffee, I drink too many cups a day.
(OR: to work out)
to understand something after much thought:
I couldn’t understand the dvd instructions for setting the timer, then after reading it for the 4th time, I figured it out.
to fill in / out
to complete (forms)
To register at the university you have to fill in/fill out this form and take it to the registry office.
to find out
to discover/to come to know:
When she found out that her colleague had stolen the company money, she was shocked.
to get into/get out of
to enter and to exit a vehicle (e.g. a car, a taxi etc.):
The taxi stopped at the taxi rank, an elderly man got out of the car, paid the driver, then I got into the taxi and said ‘the airport please’.
to get on/get off
to enter and exit a means of transport (bus, boat, plane, train):
Everybody got on the plane and took their seats, but then there was a bomb scare so we all had to get off the plane in a hurry while security carried out checks.
to get on (with)
to have a good relationship:
I get on with all my colleagues.
to get out
to escape:
Don’t worry about the snake, it can’t get out of the box.
to get over
to recover from a difficult moment:
It took her years to get over the death of her son.
to get rid of
to remove from one’s life/possession:
I decided to get rid of all my old shoes so I gave them to charity.
to give up
1) to quit:
I gave up smoking years ago.
2) to abandon an attempt:
I tried to learn to play the violin but after a few months I gave up.
to go on
to happen:
What’s going on here? Why is everybody laughing?
to go through
1) to experience something unpleasant:
After going through 3 operations, William had become extremely skinny and weak.
2) to examine:
Go through all these documents and see if there are any mistakes.
to hand in
to give by hand:
I finished the test and handed it in to the teacher.
to hand out
to distribute:
The tour guide handed out maps to all the group.
to let [sb] down
to disappoint:
Denise really let me down, when she told me that she wasn’t going to help me
to look after
to be responsible for:
I’m looking after my friend’s cat, while she’s away on vacation.
to look for
to search:
I spent months looking for a new job before I found one.
to look forward to
to expect with pleasure:
We’re all looking forward to meeting our son’s new girlfriend.
to look out
(OR: to watch out)
to beware of some kind of danger:
Look out! A car’s coming!
to look up to
to admire/to respect:
The professor is extremely knowledgeable and all the students look up to him.
to look down on
to have no regard for:
Maria thinks that her husband’s rich family look down on her because she comes from a very modest background.
to make sense (of)
1) to be logical:
He bought a car but he still takes the bus everywhere he goes, that doesn’t make sense!
2) to understand:
He tried explaining the problem to me but I can’t make sense of anything he says.
to make up
to invent:
I don’t believe his story – I think he’s just making it up.
to make up one’s mind
to decide:
Should I buy the red suit or the blue one? I can’t make up my mind!
to pick up
1) to lift something, usually from the ground:
I found a 50 Euro bill on the street, but when I picked it up I realized it was fake.
2) to collect someone from someplace:
Call me when you get to the station so I can come and pick you up.
to point out
to indicate:
Show me your map of Paris and I’ll point out the fastest way to walk to the Eiffel Tower.
to put back
to return to the original place:
You can use my calculator, when you’re done please put it back in the drawer.
to put off
to postpone:
The meeting was supposed to be Monday at 3 o’clock but it’s been put off to Tuesday morning.
to put on
to dress oneself with an article of clothes:
I put on my tracksuit and went running.
to put out
to extinguish:
There’s no smoking in here – please put out that cigarette.
to put up with
to accept and tolerate [sth/sb]:
I live on a busy street so I have to put up with a lot of noisy traffic.
to run into
to meet unexpectedly:
I ran into my ex-boyfriend while I was shopping at the mall last week.
to run out of [sth]
to have none left:
I tried to stay calm while babysitting the children but I ran out of patience and screamed at them when they broke the vase
to set off
to depart:
The family set off on their holiday from Heathrow airport
to set up
to establish:
When Debora lost her job she decided to set up a new business with her sister
to take after
to resemble, usually referred to character
Brian takes after his father, they’re both very generous
to take off
1) to remove:
Can you please take off your shoes before coming into the living room?
2) to leave the ground (airplanes)
Our plane took off at 3 o’clock.
to take up
to begin a hobby, sport or new endeavour:
He took up golf and has become obsessed by the game
to throw away/out
to put in the rubbish bin:
Please throw away/throw out your empty soda cans before leaving the room.
to try on
to see if clothes fit:
I loved that jumper but I tried it on and it didn’t suit me at all so I didn’t buy it
to turn down
to reject:
Peter has asked Maria out 3 times and she’s always turned him down.
to turn out
to reveal to be:
He seemed like an honest person but then he turned out to be a crook.
to turn up/turn down (volume)
to raise and lower:
Can you please turn down that music and turn up the air conditioning?
to turn up (or: to show up)
to arrive for an appointment:
If you hadn’t turned up/showed up late, we wouldn’t have missed our train.
to wear out
to consume through use:
I need a new pair of shoes, these are really worn out.

martedì 20 giugno 2017

B2 Mock Writing Paper

Thursday, 25th May 2017
(Monolingua B2)


What follows is how I carried out the tasks during a simulation of Cambridge English: First (FCE) test, to be precise the writing paper.

Part 1: Essay

Well, Part 1 is compulsory. Candidates are given input in the form of an essay title to respond to. (In my case, as you can realise, I went off at a tangent, because the question regards national and international news).
A significant number of people complain about the fact that there are so few international and national events, especially in small towns. I believe that this opinion is not totally true and depends on the fact that local news is not detailed enough. Here, I will discuss my point of view taking as an example my town, Arezzo.
The major events, such as the medieval joust Saracino or the choral Polifonico, are massively promoted by media. Instead we do not find a line about Mengo festival, which is a series of  concerts with relevant underground bands and singers. Currently, newspapers columns are occupied by gossip about VIPs in whom nobody is  interested.
Moreover neither local nor national policy seems to be particularly keen on the artistic and cultural interests of citizens, and it should change its approach to the matter.
Finally, I believe that there is also a problem in people's perception: we generally have enough events, but we are unaware of these.
All things considered, since it is important follow this kind of events, we should read carefully the news because: something special might happen outside your door without knowing it.

PART 2: Informal Letter

In Part 2 candidates choose one from a choice of three questions. They are expected to be able to write text types such as an article, a formal or informal letter/email, a review or a report. Personally, I chose the informal letter. (In hindsight, it was not a good idea, because this type of text requires a naturally easygoing register, whereas my English, as a learnt foreign language, sounds sometimes muddled).

Dear Lou,
I'm over the moon that you are coming here! When I got your e-mail, I was so happy that I really can't put it into words. Don't worry about the accomodation, 'cause my girlfriend and I will be happy to put you up.
To answer your question, well, honestly my towns has not changed really much: I mean, some shops close and some new one opened (sure, there are more sushi-bars than in the past), but nothing has deeply varied its aspect. The life-style too has remained relaxing and – trust me – you'll chill out too during your vacation here!
Anyway, as promised, I'll take you for a tour around the historical centre, where a lots of impressive buildings medieval, worthy of being photographed, are located.  Of course, I'll explain to you everything you want.

Keep in touch,

giovedì 4 maggio 2017

English B2: Appendix 1

English Idiomatic Expressions

Risultati immagini per lettera a
A feather in your cap: it refers to an achievement to be proud of.
It's a real feather in your cap to be playing in the state championship.
A leopard can’t change its spots: it means that a person can't change above all when he/she has a bad personality.
As the crow flies: "in linea d'aria".
It’s only eighty miles from here to the campus as the crow flies, but it takes me more than an hour to go by train.
At the drop of a hat: without needing any advance notice.
My Grandma will babysit for anyone at the drop of a hat.

Risultati immagini per lettera b
Be as drunk as a skunk: It means to be very drunk.
The man was as drunk as a skunk when he walked into the restaurant.
Burn a hole in one's pocket: money that one is tempted to spend.
Butterflies in one's stomach: the nervous feeling before something important or stressful.
Whenever I have to speak in public, I get butterflies in my stomach.

Risultati immagini per lettera c
Card up one's sleeve: a secret or reserve plan.
Cat nap: a short sleep.
I'm going to have a cat nap while you're cooking dinner.
Cat's got one's tongue: said about someone who doesn't speak (usually due to shyness).
Caught with one's pants down: caught unprepared.
Copy cat: a person who does the same thing as someone else.
My sister is such a copy cat. First she bought the same car as me, and now she's applying to my school.
Crocodile tears: to shed false tears or show insincere grief.
The woman cried crocodile tears when the policeman tried to give her a ticket for driving too quickly.

Risultati immagini per lettera e
Eager beaver: a person who is excited about doing certain work.
Ever since he got his new drill set my husband has been an eager beaver around the house.

Risultati immagini per lettera f
Fine-tooth: comb in great detail, extremely carefully.
The police looked for fingerprints with a fine-tooth comb.
Fishy: odd, suspicious.
I knew something fishy was going on when I saw all of my friends' cars in my dad's driveway.
Fit like a glove: to fit perfectly fly by the seat of one's pants:
Fly by the seat of my pants: Doing by instinct, not by plan.
I had never taught art to kids before. I had to fly by the seat of my pants.

Risultati immagini per lettera g
Get the boot: to be fired from a job, to be told to leave a place.
I got the boot from my first job in high school.
Get the boot: to get fired.
Get the lion's share: to get the greatest percentage.
My aunt got the lion's share of the inheritance.

Risultati immagini per lettera h
Hand in glove: to work with a partner in a perfect way.
I used to work hand in glove with my old boss.
Handle with kid gloves: to treat delicately.
Please handle my grandmother's tea set with kid gloves.
Have a cow: to get extremely upset.
My teacher had a cow when she realised nobody had done the homework.
Have a tiger by the tail: to have become associated with something powerful and potentially dangerous; to have a very difficult problem to solve.
Hold your horses: to wait and be patient.
Hold your horses! I'll be done in the washroom in a minute.
Holy Cow: idiom used in order to express suprise.
Horse around: to play in a loud and rough way.
Adam broke is arm from horsing around with his brother.
Hot under the collar: to be very angry.

Risultati immagini per lettera i
If the cap fits, wear it: said to someone who is guilty of something bad, that they should accept criticism.

Risultati immagini per lettera k
Keep one's shirt on: to try to stay calm keep the wolf from the door: to maintain at a minimal level, to keep from starving, freezing.
I don't make a lot of money, just enough to keep the wolf from the door!
Knock your socks off: Expression to describe something that will drive you crazy, that will surprise us.
This news just knocked my socks off!

Risultati immagini per lettera l
Let the cat out of the bag: to reveal a secret.
Who let the cat out of the bag about the surprise party?

Risultati immagini per lettera m
Monkey business: A silly or dishonest behaviour.
Our teacher warned us not to try any monkey business while she was out of the room.
Monkey see, monkey do: It means that silly and/or unintelligent people tend to copy each other's actions.

Off the cuff: Said without planning.
I didn't have a speech prepared. Everything I said was off the cuff!

Risultati immagini per lettera p
Pig out: to eat a lot of something.
I pigged out on pancakes so I don't have room for lunch.
Put oneself in someone else's shoes: to imagine what it would be like to be in someone else's situation.
Put yourself in Amber's shoes. She doesn't even have a car to drive.
Pull one's socks: to try harder.
We're going to have to pull our socks up if we want to pass Mono1.
Pull up a sock in it: to stop talking.
Put a sock in it! I'm trying to tell a story.

Risultati immagini per lettera r
Rain cats and dogs: to rain heavily, to pour.
I'm so sad! It's Friday and it's raining cats and dogs!
Roll up your sleeves: to prepare to work hard.
We'll get the job finished if we all roll up our sleeves.

Risultati immagini per lettera s
Something below the belt: something that is unfair.
Going out with my ex-boyfriend was a move below the belt.
Stubborn as a mule: to be extremely obstinate.

Risultati immagini per lettera t

Take one's hat off to someone: Recognise or honour someone for something.
Take the bull by the horns: to confront a problem or a challenge in a direct and determined way.
I took the bull by the horns and I talked with my boss.
The elephant in the room: It's an idiom for a problem or controversial issue that is too big to ignore, but that everyone tries to avoid talking about because it is embarrassing or will cause conflict.

Risultati immagini per lettera u
Until the cows come home: it means for a very long time.

Risultati immagini per lettera w
wear the trousers: to be in charge, make the rules.
By the looks of things, the kids wear the trousers in this household.

Risultati immagini per lettera y
You can't teach an old dog new tricks: It is difficult to make someone change the way they do something when they have been doing it the same way for a long time.